A court orders these 16 countries to make same-sex marriage legal

A court orders these 16 countries to make same-sex marriage legal

A number of Latin American countries do not allow same-sex marriage. However, that trend is changing.

A Latin American human rights court said Tuesday that countries in the region should legalize same-sex unions, endorsing a growing push for marriage equality. This order, by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, is being considered the ‘biggest same-sex marriage court order in history’.

Not only that, but the IACHR also ruled that its countries must allow trans people to legally change their gender without prior surgery.

In Haiti, trans people can be fined for ‘vagrancy’.

The panel of seven judges stated that in the countries it oversees, mainly in Latin America and the Caribbean, same-sex couples must be treated ‘without discrimination’. Governments ‘must recognize and guarantee all the rights that are derived from a family bond between people of the same sex,’ the judges said.

They added it was necessary to ‘guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems, including the right to marriage.’ The judges explained this would allow ‘the protection of all the rights of families formed by same-sex couples.’

IACHR oversees 20 countries which include Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador and Guatemala. They also rule over laws in Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Suriname and Uruguay.

Marriage equality has already passed in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay and in many states in Mexico. Chile and Ecuador have civil unions. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and Paraguay have already passed laws to allow trans people to change their gender without surgery.

This means 11 countries must pass trans rights laws.

The IACHR judges issued the ruling in response to a motion brought by Costa Rica. The Central American government had asked the court to give its opinion on whether it should bring to legal recognition for same-sex couples and whether it should allow trans people to change their name on identity documents. The court said it should in both counts.

Costa Rica’s Vice-President Ana Helena Chacón welcomed the court’s ruling, saying it would be adopted ‘in its totality’.

IACHR covers three countries – Dominica, Granada and Jamaica – that do not submit to rulings. In all three of these countries, homosexuality is illegal.

LGBTI rights in the 20 countries in summary

Argentina: Already has same-sex marriage and rights for trans people.

Barbados: Gay sex is illegal and no rights for trans people.

Bolivia: Same-sex marriage and civil unions are constitutionally banned. However, trans people have many rights thanks to change to law in 2016.

Brazil: Brazil has same-sex marriage and rights for trans people. However, it is the most dangerous place in the world to be transgender as it as the highest murder statistics.

Chile: Chile has civil unions, access to similar rights as marriage without the title. They do not have same-sex adoption, which comes under marriage. A new law to allow trans people to transition without being sterilized is currently being discussed.

Colombia: Colombia has same-sex marriage and the right to change legal gender without medical intervention.

Costa Rica: Costa Rica has just agreed to pass same-sex marriage. Surgery is not a requirement to change your legal gender.

Dominican Republic: Same-sex marriage is constitutionally banned in Dominican Republican. Trans people do not have the right to change your legal gender.

Ecuador: Ecuador has civil unions, access to equal rights as marriage. Trans people may change their gender without the need for surgery.

El Salvador: There is no legal recognition for same-sex couples, with support for marriage equality as low as 10% (as polled in 2010). Trans people can legally change their gender.

Guatemala: There are no plans for same-sex marriage. Trans people can legally change their gender without surgery.

Haiti: Transgender people can be fined for ‘vagrancy’ in Haiti. There are no plans for marriage or civil unions.

Honduras: Same-sex marriage is constitutionally banned in Honduras. Trans people do not have the right to change their legal gender.

Mexico: Same-sex marriage is legal in Mexico City and 12 states. Trans people can change their legal gender in Mexico City and two states.

Nicaragua: Both same-sex marriage and the right to change your legal gender is not allowed in Nicaragua.

Panama: Trans people are only allowed to change their legal gender after sex reassignment surgery. The ban on same-sex marriage has been challenged in the Supreme Court.

Paraguay: Same-sex marriage is banned in the constitution. Trans people do not have the right to change their legal gender.

Peru: While same-sex marriage is not allowed, trans people are allowed to change their gender without surgery.

Suriname: While gay sex is legal, the age of consent is not equal. There are no rights for trans people and same-sex marriage is not allowed.

Uruguay: Marriage equality was passed in 2013 and trans people have been allowed to change their legal gender without surgery since 2009.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Previous Time Changes Yesterday
Next A Quick Note on HIV Confidentiality (Disclosure of HIV Status)

About author

You might also like

The Happenings 55 Comments

Musician John Grant Says Gay Men Worry Too Much About Aging

‘This aging thing is quite strange. I don’t want to generalize too much, but gay men worry about aging a lot more than other men, from what I can tell.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
The Happenings 28 Comments

John Fashanu admits paying his brother money to stop him admitting he was gay

Former football star John Fashanu has admitted paying his gay brother Justin £75,000 in a failed bid to get him to stay in the closet. The former Wimbledon striker said

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
The Happenings 8 Comments

Father rapes lesbian daughter to ‘prove sex was better with men’

A UK father raped his daughter to ‘prove sex was better with men’ after she came out to him. The 16-year-old girl told her father she was ‘struggling with her

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

2 Comments

  1. Canis VY Majoris
    January 11, 10:13 Reply

    Sweet! All those countries have fine ass men!😍

    Let them do quick, destination wedding loading 😊

Leave a Reply